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1 Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1951. The king snake. Florida Wildlife 4(10):14–15, 19.
2 Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1953. The fresh-water terrapins. Florida Wildlife 7(1):8–9.
3 Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1954. Juveniles of Brook's kingsnake, Lampropeltis getulus brooksi. Copeia 1954:59.
4 Allen, R. 1969. Why save the alligator. Presented to Conservation 70s Inc. Environmental Legislative Workshop, Panel No. 4, Wildlife Resources, Homosassa Springs, Florida, USA. 5pp. [Printed by International Crocodilian Society, Silver Springs, Florida, USA.]
5 Anonymous. 1991. Missed meal. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Office of Land Use Planning and Biological Services, Resource Management Notes 3(1):7.
6 Barbour, T. 1919. Another new race of the king snake. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club 7:1–3.
7 Barbour, T. 1920. Herpetological notes from Florida. Copeia 1920:55–57.
8 Barbour, T. 1943. Naturalist at large. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 314pp.
9 Bartlett, R. D. 1988. In search of reptiles and amphibians. E. J. Brill, New York, New York, USA. 363pp.
10 Bartlett, R. D. 1994. Kingsnakes of Florida. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 42(10):116–118, 120, 122–126.
11 Bartlett, R. D. 1995. Notes from the field. Thoughts of bygone days: the passing of some traditions. Reptiles Magazine 3(6):84–87.
12 Bartlett, D. 1997. Notes from the field. The Lake Wales Ridge and Lake Okeechobee. Reptiles Magazine 5(8):18–20.
13 Bartlett, D. 1997. Notes from the field. 40 years of thoughts on Paynes Prairie. Reptiles Magazine 5(7):68, 70–73.
14 Bartlett, R. D. 2000. Random thoughts on the getula complex kingsnakes. Reptile & Amphibian Hobbyist 5(12):19–29.
15 Bartlett, D. 2001. Notes from the field. Striking it rich: searching the Panhandle for herps. Reptiles Magazine 9(8):18, 20–22, 24, 26–27.
16 Bechtel, H. B. 1995. Reptile and amphibian variants: colors, patterns, and scales. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, USA. 206pp.
17 Beck, W. H., Jr. 1948. An ecological study of the cold-blooded vertebrates of a north Florida lake. M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 123pp.
18 Bickel, K. A. 1942. The mangrove coast: the story of the west coast of Florida. Coward-McCann, New York, New York, USA. 312pp.
19 Blanchard, F. N. 1919. Two new snakes of the genus Lampropeltis. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan No. 70. 11pp.
20 Blanchard, F. N. 1921. A revision of the king snakes: genus Lampropeltis. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum No. 114. 260pp.
21 Blaney, R. M. 1973. Lampropeltis Fitzinger. Kingsnakes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 150.1–2.
22 Blaney, R. M. 197l. Systematics of the common kingsnake, Lampropeltis getulus (Linnaeus). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 19:47–104.
23 Blaney, R. M. 1988. The common kingsnake, Lampropeltis getulus. League of Florida Herpetological Societies Newsletter (November).
24 Blatchley, W. S. 1932. In days agone: notes on the fauna and flora of subtropical Florida in the days when most of its area was a primeval wilderness. Nature Publishing Company, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. 338pp.
25 Breininger, D. R., M. J. Barkaszi, R. B. Smith, D. M. Oddy, and J. A. Provancha. 1994. Endangered and potentially endangered wildlife on John F. Kennedy Space Center and faunal integrity as a goal for maintaining biological diversity. NASA Technical Memorandum 109204, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA. 451pp.
26 Breininger, D. R., M. J. Barkaszi, R. B. Smith, D. M. Oddy, and J. A. Provancha. 1998. Prioritizing wildlife taxa for biological diversity conservation at the local scale. Environmental Management 22:315–321.
27 Brock, O. G., and S. N. Myers. 1979. Responses of ingestively naοve Lampropeltis getulus (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae) to prey extracts. Journal of Herpetology 13:209–212.
28 Brown, A. H. 1948. Haunting heart of the Everglades. National Geographic Magazine 93:145–173.
29 Byrd, E. E., M. V. Parker, and R. J. Reiber. 1940. A new genus and two new species of digenetic trematodes, with a discussion on the systematics of these and certain related forms. Journal of Parasitology 26:111–122.
30 Carr, A. F., Jr. 1940. A contribution to the herpetology of Florida. University of Florida Publications, Biological Sciences 3:1–118.
31 Carr, A. F., Jr. 1963. The reptiles. Time, New York, New York, USA. 193pp.
32 Conant, R., and A. Downs, Jr. 1940. Miscellaneous notes on the eggs and young of reptiles. Zoologica 25:33–48.
33 Cope, E. D. 1875. The herpetology of Florida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 27:10–11.
34 Cox, J. A., and R. S. Kautz. 2000. Habitat conservation needs of rare and imperiled wildlife in Florida. Office of Environmental Services, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 156pp.
35 Deckert, R. F. 1918. A list of reptiles from Jacksonville, Florida. Copeia 1918:30–33.
36 Dessauer, H. C., and F. H. Pough. 1975. Geographic variation of blood proteins and the systematics of kingsnakes (Lampropeltis getulus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 50B:9–12.
37 Dodd, C. K., Jr. 1993. Strategies for snake conservation. Pages 363–393 in R. A. Seigel and J. T. Collins, editors. Snakes: ecology and behavior. McGraw-Hill, New York, New York, USA.
38 Duellman, W. E., and A. Schwartz. 1958. Amphibians and reptiles of southern Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 3:181–324.
39 Enge, K. M. 1991. Herptile exploitation. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Nongame Wildlife Section Annual Report, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 55pp.
40 Foster, M. L., and S. R. Humphrey. 1992. Effectiveness of wildlife crossings in reducing animal/auto collisions on Interstate 75, Big Cypress Swamp, Florida. Prepared for Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 124pp.
41 Franz, R., C. K. Dodd, Jr., and A. M. Bard. 1992. The non-marine herpetofauna of Egmont Key, Hillsborough County, Florida. Florida Scientist 55:179–183.
42 Godley, J. S. 1979. Foraging ecology of the striped swamp snake, Regina alleni, in southern Florida. M.A. Thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. 83pp.
43 Godley, J. S. 1980. Foraging ecology of the striped swamp snake, Regina alleni, in southern Florida. Ecological Monographs 50:411–436.
44 Godley, J. S. 1985. Population ecology of kingsnakes (Lampropeltis getulus) at Rainey Slough, FL. Page 48 (abstract) in Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles and the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists' League, 4–9 August 1985, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.
45 Goin, C. J. 1943. The lower vertebrate fauna of the water hyacinth community in northern Florida. Proceedings of the Florida Academy of Sciences 6:143–154.
46 Graham, F., Jr. 1982. What matters most: the many worlds of Archie and Marjorie Carr. Audubon Magazine 84(2):90–98, 100-105.
47 Heinrich, G., L. A. MacDonald, and J. D. McMurtray. 1995. Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise). Burrow associate. Herpetological Review 26:204.
48 Holman, J. A. 1981. A review of North American Pleistocene snakes. Publications of the Museum Michigan State University, Paleontological Series 1:261–306.
49 Holman, J. A. 2000. Fossil snakes of North America: origin, evolution, distribution, paleoecology. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, USA. 357pp.
50 Hubbard, C. C. 1876. The Florida alligator; his customs, capture and care. C. C. Hubbard, Middletown, Connecticut, USA. 49pp.
51 Jones, L. 1976. An unusually large specimen of Lampropeltis getulus floridana. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society 12:63.
52 Kauffeld, C. F. 1939. If you like danger—there are snakes. Outdoor Life 83(3):32–33, 67–68.
53 Kauffeld, C. 1957. Snakes and snake hunting. Hanover House, Garden City, New York, USA. 266pp.
54 Knepton, J. C., Jr. 1951. Reproduction by a king snake Lampropeltis getulus getulus, Linnaeus. Herpetologica 7:85–89.
55 Krysko, K. L. 1995. Resolution of the controversy regarding the taxonomy of the kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula, in southern Florida. M.S. Thesis, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA. 73pp.
56 Krysko, K. L., and L. E. Krysko. 1998. Geographic distribution: Lampropeltis getula getula (eastern kingsnake). Herpetological Review 29:113.
57 Krysko, K. L., L. E. Krysko, and B. Dierking. 1998. Lampropeltis getula floridana (Florida kingsnake). Combat ritual. Herpetological Review 29:104.
58 Krysko, K. L. 2000. A new kingsnake (Lampropeltis) from the Apalachicola Lowlands of Florida. Page 217 (abstract) in Joint Meeting of the 80th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 16th Annual Meeting of the American Elasmobranch Society, Neotropical Ichthyological Association, 48th Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists' League, Canadian Association of Herpetologists, and the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles; 14–20 June 2000, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
59 Krysko, K. L. 2001. Ecology, conservation, and morphological and molecular systematics of the kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula (Serpentes: Colubridae). Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 159pp.
60 Krysko, K. L. 2002. Seasonal activity of the Florida kingsnake Lampropeltis getula floridana (Serpentes: Colubridae) in southern Florida. American Midland Naturalist 148:102–114.
61 Krysko, K. L., and R. Franz. 2003. Systematics and conservation of the kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula) in Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Final Report, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 49pp.
62 Loennberg, E. 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 17:317–339.
63 Loftin, H. 1962. A new record of the Florida Panhandle kingsnake, Lampropeltis getulus goini. Herpetologica 18:138–139.
64 Love, K. 1998. Riddle of the kings. Vivarium 9(4):28–29.
65 Markel, R. G. 1990. Kingsnakes and milk snakes. T.F.H., Neptune City, New Jersey, USA. 144pp.
66 Markel, R. G. 1995. Kingsnakes: care and breeding in captivity. T.F.H., Neptune City, New Jersey, USA. 64pp.
67 McKeown, S. 2002. Ask the breeder. Reptiles Magazine 10(3):10, 12.
68 Means, D. B. 1976. Survey of the status of amphibians and reptiles of the Apalachicola National Forest, Florida. Unpublished Report to the U.S. Forest Service. 58pp.
69 Means, D. B. 1977. Aspects of the significance to terrestrial vertebrates of the Apalachicola River drainage basin, Florida. Florida Marine Research Publication No. 26:37–67.
70 Means, D. B. 1978. Apalachicola populations of the eastern common kingsnake including L. g. goini, Lampropeltis getulus (Linnaeus). Pages 60–61 in R. W. McDiarmid, editor. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume 3. Amphibians and reptiles. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
71 Means, D. B. 1982. Kingsnake systematics: status of Lampropeltis getulus goini. Page 89 (abstract) in Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles and the 30th Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists' League, 1–6 August 1982, North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
72 Means, D. B. 1985. Ecological critique of proposed management plan for Florida national forests. Unpublished Report to the National Wildlife Federation. 31pp.
73 Means, D. B. 1992. Eastern common kingsnake, Apalachicola population, Lampropeltis getula (Linnaeus) including L. g. goini Neill and Allen. Pages 232–236 in P. E. Moler, editor. Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume III. Amphibians and reptiles. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
74 Means, D. B. 1998. Geographic distribution: Lampropeltis getula (common kingsnake). Herpetological Review 29:113.
75 Means, D. B., and K. L. Krysko. 2001. Biogeography and pattern variation of kingsnakes, Lampropeltis getula, in the Apalachicola Region of Florida. Contemporary Herpetology No. 5. (
76 Menser, F. 1987. A kingsnake winter. Gainesville Herpetological Society Newsletter 4(2):12–16.
77 Menser, F. 1990. Of matters getulus (opinion). Gainesville Herpetological Society Newsletter 6(5):11–13.
78 Meylan, P. A. 1995. Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles from the Leisley Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37 Part I:273–297.
79 Meylan, P. A., W. A. Auffenberg, and R. C. Hurlbert. 2001. Reptilia 2: lizards, snakes, and crocodilians. Pages 137–151 in R. C. Hurlbert, editor. The fossil vertebrates of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
80 Morgan, B. J. 1987. The last of the kingsnakes. Gainesville Herpetological Society Newsletter 4(4):3–4.
81 Muller, J. W. 1989. Matrix of habitats and distribution by county of rare/endangered species in Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 91pp.
82 Neill, W. T., and E. R. Allen. 1949. A new kingsnake (genus Lampropeltis) from Florida. Herpetologica 5(5–Special):101–106.
83 Neill, W. T. 1963. Polychromatism in snakes. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 26:194–216.
84 Neill, W. T. 1968. Snake eat snake. Florida Wildlife 21(12):22–25.
85 Perlowin, D. 1992. The general care and maintenance of common kingsnakes. Advanced Vivarium Systems, Lakeside, California, USA. 71pp.
86 Peterson, R. T., and J. Fisher. 1956. Wild America: the record of a 30,000-mile journey around the continent by a distinguished naturalist and his British colleague. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 434pp.
87 Printiss, D., and D. Hipes. 2001. Inventory and management considerations of amphibians and reptiles on the Sumatra Tract, Tate's Hell State Forest, Florida. Final Report to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Forestry. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 40pp.
88 Rodriguez, E. S. 1996. King's quest: the hunt for the Florida kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula floridana. Reptile Hobbyist 2(2):8–10.
89 Schroder, H. H. 1944. Protect the king snake. Field & Stream 49(2):96–97.
90 Smith, L. L., and C. K. Dodd, Jr. 2003. Wildlife mortality on U.S. Highway 441 across Paynes Prairie, Alachua County, Florida. Florida Scientist 66:128–140.
91 Steehouder, T. 1988. Incubation temperature with Lampropeltis getulus floridana: a hypothesis rejected. Litteratura Serpentium English Edition [Journal of the European Snake Society, Holland] 8(5):212.
92 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1978. Osceola National Forest phosphate extraction and processing: impacts on federally listed threatened or endangered and other species of concern. National Fish and Wildlife Laboratory, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 119pp.
93 Van Duyn, G. 1936. Snakes are where you find them. Field & Stream 41(6):32–33, 67–69.
94 Van Hyning, O. C. 1931. Reproduction of some Florida snakes. Copeia 1931:59–60.
95 Wagner, E. 1987. Some suggestions to consider on the issue of protecting native species of wildlife. Gainesville Herpetological Society Newsletter 3(9):12–14.
96 Weinstein, S. A., C. F. DeWitt, and L. A. Smith. 1992. Variability of venom-neutralizing properties of serum from snakes of the colubrid genus Lampropeltis. Journal of Herpetology 26:452–461.
97 Wilson, M. A. 1914. The hermit of Long Key. Outdoor Life 34(3):232–233.
98 Wilson, L. D., and L. Porras. 1983. The ecological impact of man on the south Florida herpetofauna. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Special Publication No. 9, Lawrence, Kansas, USA. 89pp.
99 Winstel, A. 1999. The blotched kingsnake. Reptile Hobbyist 4(5):52–57.
100 Wright, A. H. 1935. Some rare amphibians and reptiles of the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 21:340–345.
101 Wright, J. 1998. King of kings: Lampropeltis getula getula. Reptile & Amphibian Magazine (March–April):28–33.
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