Treatment Area Five (STA-5) is a 5,200 acre constructed wetland designed
to reduce phosphorus loading to the northern Everglades and Rotenberger
Wildlife Management Area. The
plants inside this constructed wetland are consuming phosphorus as they
grow, eventually depositing much of the nutrient in the soils.
For decades, phosphorus from fertilizers and organic soils has been
carried into the Everglades by storm runoff, causing a change in the
Everglades landscape. Too
much of this essential nutrient has allowed cattail to invade the River of
Grass, reducing the coverage of sawgrass and open water sloughs.
Unfortunately, cattail does not provide the habitat necessary to support
many of the plant and animal species that are unique to the Everglades.
STA-5 was constructed at a cost of over $37 million, and is one of
six STAs mandated by the State of Florida’s Everglades Forever Act with
a primary goal of reducing the amount of phosphorus that reaches the
Everglades ecosystem. In
time, these STAs will help sawgrass replace cattail and return the entire
ecosystem to a healthier condition. The
numerous levees, water control structures and monitoring equipment within
STA-5 are critical to the success of the phosphorus control program.
Any damage to these facilities as a result of public access could
restrict the continued public use of STA-5.
NOTE: Calls for duck hunting reservations will be taken ONLY from 5-6 pm on the Mondays listed in the brochure as call in dates. No reservations will be given to callers at any other times.
Waterfowl Season Harvest Data